Currently in the United States, pallet standards are set by the UNIFORM STANDART FOR WOOD PALLETS document approved by the NWPCA (National Wooden Pallet Container Association). Pallet dimensions according to American standards: 4 ftx 6 ft or 6 ftx 6 ft.
In Europe, mainly euro pallets (with the EUR stamp) with dimensions of 1200×800 mm are accepted. and finpass (with the FIN stamp) with dimensions of 1200×1000 mm. EPAL (European Pallet Association) unites leading manufacturers and monitors the quality of pallets, regulated by ISO3676, ISO TK/22, ISPM 15, UIC norms 435-2/435-4.
To control the pallets, they are stamped with certain marks. If the pallet is produced in Europe, then it always has two fixed stamps – EUR and EPAL.
The EUR mark denotes its “euro ownership”. Another brand – EPAL, says that the pallet is manufactured in compliance with the requirements of the European Pallet Association (in the pallet business it is something like ISO 9001), an organization that checks the European production, formulates the requirements to which they must comply. That is, the presence on the pallet of such a mark indicates that it is assembled in compliance with all technologies and meets a certain quality standard.
Consider different types of pallets and their use.
1. Certified euro pallet (EUR-pallet, euro pallet)
Size 800x1200x145 mm. It is necessary to have the brand EUR brand in the oval, scorched on the right carrying pallets of the pallet. The other legs also bear the marking indicating the manufacturer (PKP, FS, DB, etc.) and digital information (series, year of manufacture). The upper part of the euro pallet consists of five boards alternating in order: wide (145 mm), narrow (100 mm), wide, narrow, wide. The lower part consists of three boards (narrow, wide, narrow) with chamfers removed. Be sure to have chamfers at the corners of the Euro pallet.
2. Certified finpallet (FIN-pallet, Finnish pallet)
The size is 1000x1200x145 mm. It is necessary to have a branded FIN stigma in a rectangle scorched on the right-hand pallet-bearing legs. On the central legs, digital information is also provided, indicating the manufacturer’s code and the date of issue. The upper part of the finplelet consists of seven boards alternating in order: wide (120 mm), two narrow (100 mm), wide, two narrow, wide. The lower part consists of three boards (narrow, wide, narrow) with chamfers removed. Mandatory presence of chamfers at the corners of the finplelet.
3. Cargo non-permanent pallet 800×1200 mm
The size is 800x1200x145 mm, the board thickness is 20-22 mm. Brand identity is missing, the design is identical to the design of the euro pallet.
4. Cargo non-permanent pallet 1000×1200 mm
The size is 1000x1200x145 mm, the thickness of the board is 20-22 mm. Brand identity is missing, the design is identical to the design of the finplelet.
5. Eurobox (EUR-box)
Metal cage with a metal base in the form of a Euro pallet, size 800x1200x800 mm. Has a plate with the stamped EUR stamp in the oval.
Phytosanitary treatment of pallets
All pallets in which products are exported must undergo a phytosanitary treatment in accordance with ISPM 15 standard and bear the appropriate special marking confirming that they have been decontaminated by heat treatment (HT), chamber drying (KD) or fumigation with methyl bromide (MB ). On this hallmark print the name of the party, the method of processing, the producer country is indicated. On the pallet, released in Europe, indicate also the batch number and the year of production. By these stamps, which are an integral part of the euro pallets, you can find out where and when it was collected. Because the stigma often puts a fake, reliable way to determine where a particular pallet is until found. If the pallet is to be used in Russia, strict rules for processing pallets do not work. It is not uncommon for fake brands to be staged by unscrupulous companies in order to falsify products. In general, in the domestic market of pallets such a situation, unfortunately, is often encountered.
The stamp on the passage of phytosanitary treatment
IPPC – the abbreviation of the International Plant Protection Convention (International Plant Protection Convention);
RU – code of the country of export of wooden packaging (Russia);
59 – code of the region of Russia (according to the classifier of regions-subjects of the Russian Federation);
XXX is the personal identification number of the organizations (citizens) producing the packaging or decontaminating it;
DB – wood used as packaging, debarking;
HT – heat treatment was performed at a temperature of at least 56 ° C for a minimum period of 30 minutes (heat treatment);
KD – drying in a closed chamber with useof high temperatures to obtain a specified percentage of moisture is “kiln-drying”, and MB is fumigated with methyl bromide according to the specified processing standards (methyl bromide).
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